НАГЛАСАТА И ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКАТА ИНДИВИДУАЛНОСТ НА СТУДЕНТИТЕ ЗА ПЕДАГОГИЧЕСКА ДЕЙНОСТ
Тиха Атанасова Делчева
THE ATTITUDE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL INDIVIDUALITY OF STUDENTS FOR PEDAGOGICAL ACTIVITY
Tiha Atanasova Delcheva
Abstract: An actual problem of higher education is the formation of students’ mental readiness for pedagogical activity in the context of their individual characteristics and potential opportunities. Attitude is a mental state of readiness for a certain activity, it is the psychological content of the interaction between the student’s need for pedagogical activity and the objective educational situation, a prerequisite for the emergence of his or her readiness for activity with a certain orientation. There is a dialectical unity between stability and changeability in the state of attitude, which explains the individuality of the individual student, the non-repeating forms of their mental organization as a certain way of an ordered system of his or her behavior. A connecting link is between the motivational and target substructures of the activity, on the one hand, and the operational one, on the other. The development of the professional attitude of the students is realized through the principle of unity between the individual characteristics of the personality and the specificity of the pedagogical activity. The necessary conditions for this are: an actual need of the subject at a given moment and an objective situation for its satisfaction; position taken by the person, which expresses their attitude to a given line of behavior, to the tasks before them, and selective mobilization for their implementation. This requires: continuous active pedagogical activity of students in an immediate educational environment; ensuring the mastery of its operational, organizational, psychological and socio-moral aspect; stimulating the development of social motives and attitudes; the preparation for it should be on a reflexive basis, so that it is personally significant for them; the formation of important qualities such as organization, responsibility, resourcefulness, patience.
The development of the attitude towards pedagogical activity begins with building a general attitude towards it as a complete expression of the student’s personality and ends with an attitude towards self-management of one’s own pedagogical activity.
Key words: Attitude, mental state, activity-determining, guiding and dynamic, individual characteristics, formation.
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Prof. Tiha Atanasova Delcheva, PhD
Faculty of Education
Trakia University- Stara Zagora